Mandible fractures are an important part of maxillofacial trauma, presenting significant and management. The objective of the study is to characterize variables associated with patientswith mandibular fractures, treated in the Emergency Unit of the Barros Luco Assistance Complex (CABL). A retrospective study was performed with the clinical records of patients seen between January 2018 and June 2019 with a diagnosis of mandibular fracture. Sex, age, number of fractures, anatomical location, etiology, input TRIAGE according to ESI, presence of ECT, means of transport at admission and municipality of origin were recorded; 57 patients presented at least one mandibular fracture, male sex was predominant, with an average age of 31 years. 20 and 29 yearswas more prevalent. 82 fractures were reported, with the left mandibular angle being the main affected area (n = 15, 18.3 %). 8 patients presented ECT, classified as ESI 3 and ESI 2. The predominant demand was from patients belonging to the SSMS (54.4 %). The agepatterns and location of the fractures found coincide with that previously published, with a decrease in the gap in cases between men and women, the etiological association with compromised anatomical structures and the presence of ECT in cases of greater severity. It remains to analyze why the important burden presented by the CABL is of patients not belonging to its jurisdiction (45.6 %). Incidence and causes of mandibular fractures reflect diverse behavior patterns between communities. Age and sex are reaffirmed as a risk factor, observing a higher prevalence of left mandibular angle fractures, associated with sociocultural behavior patterns. We suggest making methodological corrections in future research with a registration standardization process by professionals responsible for recording clinical records.
KEY WORDS: epidemiology, mandible fractures, traumatic brain injury.
How to cite this article
VÁZQUEZ, J.; SECCHI, A.; ASTORGA, F.; MORENO, J. & AMORIN, P. Description and characterization of mandibular fractures treated in an emergency service of a public hospital in Santiago, Chile. Int. J. Odontostomat., 15(1):278-285, 2021.