Cortínez Lira Cristine; Figueroa Salinas Macarena; Chamorro Pino Susana; Zafe Bastías Fadua & Gallardo Sanzana Valentina
Due to the high prescription after orthodontic treatment of fixed and removable retainers with an indication of indefinite use, the aim of this study was to find the impact of orthodontic retainers on the periodontal health of the teeth. we proceed to search and analyze scientific articles from databases PubMed, ScienceDirect, SciELO, LILACS and Google Scholar, selected articles were published between 2015 and 2020 based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Our review suggests that the indication of a fixed or removable retainer presents greater benefits than risks and does not mean, when considering the individual characteristics of each patient, the detriment of periodontal health. However, new prospective studies with a longer follow-up time and the presence of a control group are necessary to be able to extrapolate results and elucidate the possible damages associated with orthodontic retainers.
KEY WORDS: orthodontic retainers, bone resorption, periodontics.
How to cite this article
CORTÍNEZ, L. C.; FIGUEROA, S. M.; CHAMORRO, P. S.; ZAFE, B. F. & GALLARDO, S. V. Orthodontic retainers and their effect on periodontal health. Literature review. Int. J. Odontostomat., 15(2):460-465, 2021.