The objective of the study was to describe the epidemiologic profile of patients with non-syndromic cleft palate according to factors that involve the mother. Observational, retrospective and analytical study from data obtained of non-syndromic cleft lip palate cases. The type of cleft lip and palate (CLP) and the variables that involve the mother were classified. In this analysis 236 fulfilled clinical records from patients were evaluated; 56,60 % correspond to male and 43,40 % to female. Most births occurred in 2011 (15,57 %), cleft palate is the most prevalent (44,92 %), at the moment of birth mothers were 21-25 years old (26,67 %), most of the mothers consumed alcohol or tobacco during the first trimester of pregnancy (80,50 % and 87,50 %, respectively), and 41,33 % worked in agriculture related jobs. In conclusion post natural catastrophe stress, chronic diseases, consumption of drugs, smoking and alcohol habits and exposure to pesticides can be considered as a risk factor for having a child with CLP.
KEY WORDS: cleft lip, cleft palate, epidemiology, first time mothers.
How to cite this article
CORDERO, E.; MARTÍNEZ, G.; ESPINOZA, I. & PANTOJA, R. Retrospective study of cleft lip and palate in Chile, 12-year follow up. Int. J. Odontostomat., 15(1):88-93, 2021.