Initiated in 1955 the General de Zona (GZ) is one of the oldest existing public health policies in our country, affording a series of incentives to bring health professionals to rural areas mainly, including dentists (DGZ). The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of the DGZ entry process in recent years. We performed a retrospective study based on DGZ entry process data for the years 2003 and 2005 to 2009 including the variables: number of applicants, average scores for admission, Offset and vacancies offered by process; and sex, university, DGZ acceptance and information submitted by applicant. The results show a rising participation of 139.8±29.3 candidates per process, 60% women, the universities with the largest participation (43.3%) and the award of vacancies (47.3%) combined Universidad de Concepción and Universidad de La Frontera, an offset of 146.5±20%, an upward average score of 83.75±1.22 and 40.5±5.4 vacancies offered by process. There are no strong trends of changes in the variables studied, only a slight increase in average scores of entry and number of applicants, which would be related to the increase of dentists in the country and where the DGZ appears as a good choice of work. Thus, this trend should be accentuated in the future. Given the lack of previous DGZ research and its possible projections in the dental health of our population for the XXI century it is necessary to investigate further.
KEY WORDS: profile, dentista general de zona, applicant, rural dentistry, Chile.
How to cite this article
CARTES-VELÁSQUEZ, R. Profile of applicant to Dentista General de Zona.Int. J. Odontostomat., 5(1):71-76, 2011.