There are many complications that can occur following placement with an immediately loaded implant-supported prosthesis in rehabilitation, these may generate damage to the provisional structure and even loss of the osseointegration from the dental implants. Limited evidence about clinical behavior post-installation, creates the need to better assess possible future complications that may arise. In this review, a systematic research was made in the PubMed database. The filters used were “immediate loading”, “full arch” and “Resonance frequency analysis”. The results were subject to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 15 studies were selected. All of the studies were randomized clinical trials, many complications were recorded, such as fractures, dislodgement and wear of the prosthesis structure. It was observed that from the first day of immediate loading until the first month, Implant Stability Quotient value decreases, subsequently, progressively increasing. There is no evidence about the number and range of sessions needed to assess the clinical control of a immediate loading fixed rehabilitation. The ideal time for removal of the provisional prosthesis and installation of the restorative rehabilitation, is during the third and fourth month after the immediate loading. Limited evidence was found regarding the number, the time and type of radiological images for clinical support. The possibility of several complications after an installation of a immediately loaded implant-supported prosthesis are very real, therefore is necessary to establish a clinical protocol for controls regarding this treatment.
KEY WORDS: immediate loading, full arch, resonance frequency analysis.
How to cite this article
FIGUEROA, A. E. & RABY, O. I. Clinical control of patients treated with an immediately loaded implant-supported prosthesis. A systematic review. Int. J. Odontostomat., 12(1):21-28, 2018.