Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis is a kind of osteomyelitis that is characterized by a great periosteal reaction resulting of low grade stimulation, usually a caries lesion associated a periapical pathology. It affects especially children and young adults, with the mandible as the most common site, usually in the inferior aspect. Clinically presents as a painless hard swelling intra and/or extra-oral. Radiographic aspects include bone layers new formed, parallel to each other and to the underlying cortical surface, giving the characteristic appearance of “onion skin”. Treatment includes elimination of the cause, with or without antibiotics, being restored the facial symmetry of patient. The present article is a clinical case report of chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis affecting a female 11 year old patient, caused by a caries lesion in the left permanent first molar, that was submissed to a exodontia and the facial symmetry of the patient was restored with management.
KEY WORDS: osteomyelitis, proliferative periostitis, dental caries.
How to cite this article
NETO, N. C.; GONÇALVES, M.; FILHO, V. A. P.; DE CARVALHO, W. R. S. & CASTRO-SILVA, L. M. Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis. Int. J. Odontostomat., 7(1):5-10, 2013.