Oral pathologies have been a real challenge for dentistry, mainly due to its treatment. Currently, there are numerous biomaterials on the market that may present inherent properties in dental tissues. However, studies on multiple cell lines are based on biocompatible results such as biocompatibility and cellular cytotoxicity. Biodentine is endodontic cement based on calcium silicates of multiple applications, which would provide biocompatibility properties as cellular bioactivity, characteristics that will allow it to be used in direct contact with the dental pulp. The objective of this study is the in vitro evaluation of Biodentine, on cultures of cells of the human dental pulp (HDPC). Biodentine cement disks of 2 x 6 mm were prepared, and HDPC culture plates were introduced. After 24, 48 and 72 hours of exposure, cell viability tests were performed using the MTT colorimetric method. On the other hand, protein expression assays of two proteins involved in the signaling pathway of cell apoptosis Caspase-3 cleaved (cas-3 clv) and PARP-1 are carried out. There are statistically significant differences (p <0,05) in the cell viability tests between Biodentine and control group, as well as the exposure time increases (p <0,05). Otherwise, there are also significant differences (p <0,05) in the expression of PARP-1 in the groups, sometimes a Biodentine. The results in this study that Biodentine generates a cellular cytotoxicity in HDPC cultures, therefore, cell viability as the expression of apoptotic proteins. This is why the use of this biomaterial should be studied for each particular clinical case, especially as a direct pulp capping agent.
KEY WORDS: cytotoxicity, biodentine, caspase 3, poly(adp-ribose) polymerase, dental pulp cells.
How to cite this article
ROMERO, P. F.; FLORES, M. E.; EHRENFELD, P.; KÖNING, T. & PAVICIC, F. Biodentine induces apoptotic proteins Caspase 3 and PARP – 1 on human dental pulp cells. Int. J. Odontostomat., 13(4):411-417, 2019.